The thesaurus in general organizes concepts used by jurisprudence and cadastral officials for the last hundred years or so. Focusing here on dynamic aspects, mention is made that the EU supported comparisons of national procedures, e.g. the research activity 'Modelling Real Property Transactions' (ESF/COST G9, 2001-05), which aimed at comprehending the national administrative processes in terms of concepts of the new institutional economics. This effort inspired a project, performed by staff of the cadastral agencies and university departments of the Nordic countries (KMS, 2006). The reports in Scandinavian languages gives identically structured descriptions of the Nordic countries, including the exchange process of purchase and sale of real property, mortgaging of real property and changes of property subdivision through subdivision, amalgamation and transfer of part of property.
The above detailing of types of activity provide a shared frame for addition of more complex processes, dubbed Property restructuring, which change the owner as well as the property units concerned. Examples are Expropriation, as well as Land readjustment, which designates property restructuring in urban areas, compared to Reallotment or alternatively: Land consolidation, in rural areas.
elaboration is suggested by the Danish part on
property formation. While the
Danish description largely fits the general structure, it is noteworthy
that a number of
terms both have no counterpart in the other countries and in addition
refer to cases, where the legal situation on location
does not compare to the recorded information, or where recorded
information is erroneous or missing. Traditionally, 'the mirror
principle' is stated as a 'fundamental principle' of registration of
title (Simpson, 1976, 22, quoting Ruoff, 1957; cf Zevenbergen, 2002,
43). It reads that 'the register of title is a mirror, which reflects
acurately and completely and beyond all argument the current facts that
are material to title'. As a matter of fact, specific procedures are
established in Denmark to address:
The sequence of the procedures largely indicate the frequency of their use. Legal determination of boundary occurs about 50 times a year. About 5 are taken to the town court, but few are overturned by the court. - Not all of these procedure terms are included into version 2 of CaLAThe.
Version 2, published October 2012, in adddition includes five terms, e.g. Place name, Post address, and NUTS region, to reflect INSPIRE Data Specifications.